The French and Indian War of 1754-1763

The French and Indian War of 1754-1763

Winning North America

BattlefieldExperienceHistory

13th - 26th July 2019
(14 Days)

Guides : Fred Hawthorne & Alan Rooney

Tour price: £5,950

click here to book

The French and Indian War of 1754-1763

Winning North America

BattlefieldExperienceHistory

Your Holiday Essentials

13th - 26th July 2019
(14 Days)

Return flights from London, 5 internal flights, 3 and 4 star hotels, buffet breakfast, 3-course dinner with drinks each evening, all entrance fees and expert guides throughout.

Activity Level: 2

Guides: Fred Hawthorne & Alan Rooney

Tour price: £5,950

Single supplement: £740
Deposit: £500
Price without flights: £5,650

Booking open

click here to book

Tour Introduction

In the company of the ever popular historian Fred Hawthorne and TCE’s founder and Managing Director, Alan Rooney, enjoy a once in a life-time opportunity to comprehensively explore the events of the French-Indian Wars in North America. The story takes us though some wonderful and iconic scenery and places: the mighty Ohio River, splendid Pennsylvania countryside, the wonderful Niagara Falls, beautiful Lakes George and Champlain, old Montreal, the historical maritime city of Halifax, remote Cape Breton and the magical city that is Quebec. Many of the historical sites we visit have been carefully restored and rebuilt and feature professional re-enactment demonstrations.

This will be a fast moving tour that necessarily covers much ground from western Pennsylvania through upstate New York to Montreal. Once in Canada we take 5 internal flights to travel to and through Nova Scotia and to and from Quebec via Toronto. This requires an extraordinary amount of scheduling and flight bookings which will need to be confirmed in good time, therefore we urge you to help us to book this tour as early as possible so we might secure the requisite reservations in good time.

Background

When King George II granted tracts of land to the Ohio Company in 1749 it brought the British in to direct conflict with the French who were intent on maintaining their hegemony in the Ohio Valley. A seemingly minor skirmish in western Pennsylvania in 1754 brought on by a Virginian militia officer by the name of George Washington became the catalyst for a war that would see the end of the French interest in North America. Such a victory would not come easily to the British: Braddock was mortally wounded at Monongahela in 1755 whilst at Oswego, Lake George and Ticonderoga, and despite the best efforts of Lord Amherst, the careful and imaginative leadership of the Marquis de Montcalm placed inferior French forces at the head of the Hudson valley.

Although both countries were distracted by a greater worldwide war (The Seven Years War), unlike France, Britain decided to send significant reinforcements resulting in the reduction of Louisbourg fortress in 1758 and the despatch of a major army under James Wolfe that would, despite that general’s vacillation, result in the fall of Quebec in 1759 and the end of French influence.

Highlights

  • Exquisite tour with renowned historian Fred Hawthorne & TCE Director, Alan Rooney as your guides
  • See Lake Ontario, Montreal & Halifax
  • Epic sight-seeing including trip to Niagara Falls

Itinerary

Day 1 - Fly London to Pittsburgh via Toronto

Check-in to our hotel for three nights.

Day 2 - The War Begins

Drive to Fort Necessity Battlefield Park to discuss the opening shots at Jumonville Glen, George Washington’s surprise attack on the French and Great Meadows where Washington built the fort that was subsequently surrendered to the French. We’ll visit the site of the battle of Monongahela with its recently opened visitor centre and pay our respects at General Braddock’s final resting place.

Day 3 - The French lose the Ohio Valley

Visit the wonderfully reconstructed Fort Ligonier, built as one of a series of forts along the approach to Fort Duquesne. We’ll also visit the battlefield of Bushy Run fought against the Indians during Pontiac’s uprising of 1763. Upon our return to Pittsburgh we’ll visit the Fort Pitt Blockhouse and Museum and see the outline of the long-gone Fort Duquesne.

Day 4 - Niagara

Head up the Allegheny River valley via the sites of French Forts Machault, Le Boeuf and Presque Isle abandoned by the French after the fall of Fort Duquesne. Arriving at Niagara Falls late afternoon, we’ll take a boat-trip through the mist to the base of the majestic wonder. Check-in to our hotel.

Day 5 - Lake Ontario

We visit the wonderfully preserved key French strongpoint of Fort Niagara which commands the mouth of the Niagara River. We travel the southern seaboard of the lake to Fort Oswego where Montcalm won his first victory in 1756. Continue to Rome, NY, where we spend the night.

Day 6 - The Great Carrying Place

Our first stop is Fort Stanwix National Monument, a superb example of a wood and earth fortification in the heart of Iroquoia. Traveling east we briefly visit the site of old Fort Edward where Robert Roger’s Rangers trained and organized. We end at Lake George, site of several engagements including the Battle of Lake George and the siege and reduction of British Fort William Henry. We spend the night at Lake George.

Day 7 - Lake Champlain

We drive through “The Last of the Mohicans” countryside to the famous Fort Ticonderoga, site of a shocking French victory at the Battle of Carillon in 1758. Thence to the site of French Fort Frederic at Crown Point which fell during the Champlain campaign following which the British built a massive stone fortification that we can explore. Cross the border into Canada and spend the night at Montreal.

Day 8 - Montreal

We take a sight-seeing tour of old Montreal and its old port. Catch the afternoon flight to Halifax, Nova Scotia, where we spend the night.

Day 9 - Halifax

We spend the day exploring the city’s naval and military past: its harbour, waterfront, the citadel with its army museum, the Maritime Museum with its Titanic artefacts and the Fairview Green cemetery were many of the Titanic dead and the victims of the Great Explosion of December 1917 are buried. Catch the early evening flight to Sydney, NS where we spend the next two nights.

Day 10 - Louisbourg

We spend a full day at this wonderfully reconstructed site, originally demolished by the British after its capture in 1758. We’ll visit Gabarus Bay where the British fleet arrived, Wolfe’s landing place, the site of the siege lines and Lighthouse Point, seized by Wolfe and his men, and which offers great views over the fortress. At the Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site, rebuilt in the 1960s, we’ll explore the King’s and Dauphin’s bastions as well as part of the town. We can also walk the balance of the ruins.

Day 11 - The St Lawrence River

A very long day starting with an early morning flight to Quebec via Toronto. We drive out to the Isle d’Orleans where Wolfe’s army landed. At Montmorency we discuss Wolfe’s abortive attempt to out-flank the French and enjoy the lovely waterfall. From the Old Quebec we take the ferry across the St Lawrence to Levis and the site of the British batteries. Thence to Goreham’s point from where Wolfe reconnoitred the Anse au Foulon. Finally we visit the monuments associated with the battle of Sainte Foy in 1760. Check-in to our hotel for two nights.

Day 12 - The Plains of Abraham

Starting at Wolfe’s Cove (Anse au Foulon) we follow in the footsteps of the British as they ascended the Heights of Abraham. We explore the southern side of the resultant battlefield (the northern part is sadly built over) and visit the excellent battlefield museum. This afternoon we take a guided walking tour around Old Quebec.

Day 13 - Quebec and home

We take a tour of the citadel, see the famous Van Doos changing of the Guard ceremony and visit their museum. We say farewell to North America as we catch our return flight to London via Toronto.

Day 14 – Arrive London

Recommended Reading List

Photo Gallery

  • Plains of Abraham - monument to Joan of Arc
  • Plains of Abraham
  • Your guide Fred on the banks of Lake Champlain
  • Fort Niagara, French Castle
  • Fort Niagara
  • Château Ramezay, Montreal

Your Holiday Essentials

13th - 26th July 2019
(14 Days)

Return flights from London, 5 internal flights, 3 and 4 star hotels, buffet breakfast, 3-course dinner with drinks each evening, all entrance fees and expert guides throughout.

Activity Level: 2

Guides: Fred Hawthorne & Alan Rooney

Tour price: £5,950

Single supplement: £740
Deposit: £500
Price without flights: £5,650

Booking open

click here to book

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