Tunnellers on the Western Front

Tunnellers on the Western Front

The Underground War

Battlefield ToursHistory

4th - 7th June 2021
(4 Days)

Expert Historian : Simon Jones

Tour price: £1,445

click here to book

Tunnellers on the Western Front

The Underground War

Battlefield ToursHistory

Your Holiday Essentials

4th - 7th June 2021
(4 Days)

Eurostar Standard Premier, 4 star hotels, buffet breakfast, 3-course dinner with drinks each evening, 2 picnic lunches, all entrance fees and expert guide throughout.

Activity Level: 2

Expert Historian: Simon Jones

Tour price: £1,445

Single supplement: £145
Deposit: £125
Price without flights: £1,345

Booking open

click here to book

Tour Introduction

The secret underground war of the Tunnellers was fought in warren-like galleries beneath the trenches of the Western Front and was terrifyingly portrayed in the novel Birdsong. Our historian Simon Jones is an acknowledged expert on the subject and the acclaimed author of Underground Warfare 1914-18, currently completing on a book about the Tunnellers of the Somme. This remarkable band of miners and engineers was typified by William Hackett who was awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross when he refused to leave his mate trapped deep below ground. We will explore how and why the tunnels were dug and how mining came to dominate trench warfare in many sectors, causing constant dread among the infantry. We also investigate some famous myths: were the mines heard in Downing Street, and how many still lie undetonated beneath the battlefields?

Background

Mining beneath the walls of a besieged castle is an ancient form of warfare which was revived in the stalemate of trench warfare. The British enlisted civilian miners and specialist 'clay-kickers' and, by 1916, more than 20,000 Tunnellers faced an equal number of Germans underground. That year, between them the opposing sides detonated some 1,500 underground charges. Galleries met deep below no man's land, sometimes breaking into one another and resulting in hand-to-hand fighting. Much of this desperate struggle served only to preserve a precarious equilibrium but huge charges, placed at great risk beneath the German positions, were blown at the opening of the Battle of the Somme and, more successfully, the Battle of Messines in June 1917 when 19 mines containing well over a million pounds of explosives launched the devastating attack.

Our expert historian, Simon Jones can be seen talking about this very topic with the BBC in these two videos: 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-15566851 
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-15568539

Highlights

  • With acclaimed WW1 author and historian Simon Jones
  • Special access to sites not generally open to the public
  • Explore the German craters at Hooge
  • Learn about the struggle beneath Railway Wood
  • Travel along the Messines Ridge to study the mines blown in the 1917 battle
  • Visit enormous surviving craters at Hill 60 & the Caterpillar, St Eloi, Spanbroekmolen, Kruistraat and Peckham
  • Vist the newly accessible Hawthorn Crater
  • See the breathtakingly vast Lochnagar Crater
  • Visit to the Bouzincourt Caves
  • Explore the remarkable Wellington Caves, 20 metres beneath Arras
  • See the famous tunnels at Vimy Ridge

What's Included

  • Return Standard Premier Eurostar from London
  • 4 Star Hotels Throughout
  • Buffet breakfast each morning
  • A three-course dinner party each evening hosted by your expert historian and tour manager
  • Two drinks i,e wine or beer with dinner each evening and a welcome drink on first evening
  • 2 picnic lunches
  • Dedicated Tour Manager
  • Entrance fees for all site visits
  • Local travel in modern, comfortable, air-conditioned coach
  • Pre tour information booklet
  • Access to the Cultural Experience app
  • Helpful and friendly travel advice
  • The company of like-minded travelers

"Simon Jones crafted an excellent tour and was the soul of graciousness. The tour manager, was no less a font of useful information and equally hospitable. Both men were extremely accommodating."

Previous participant

Itinerary

Day 1 - The Clay Kickers

Travel from London St Pancras by Eurostar to Lille. Drive to Givenchy for the first Tunnellers and Hackett VC Memorial. Continue to the Ypres Salient battlefield: the RE Grave and the struggle beneath Railway Wood, German craters at Hooge, and underground combat at the Bluff. Evening talk on The Tunnellers. Check in to our hotel in Ypres for two nights.

Day 2 - Messines: The Tunnellers' Triumph

Travel along the Messines Ridge to study the mines blown in the 1917 battle, learn how they were laid, how some were lost to treacherous geology and to enemy action, and how effective they really were. Visits include enormous surviving craters at Hill 60 & the Caterpillar, St Eloi, Spanbroekmolen, Kruistraat and Peckham. This evening we attend the Menin Gate Last Post Ceremony.

Day 3 - The Somme

Drive south to explore the 1916 battlefields where lessons were learnt during the bloody fighting when tunnels and mines were imperfectly used. Explore the physical legacy of the underground war including the newly accessible Hawthorn Crater and the breathtakingly vast Lochnagar Crater. Visit to the Bouzincourt Caves whose walls are covered with British soldiers' graffiti. Continue to Arras where we check in to our hotel for one night.

Day 4 - Arras & Vimy Ridge

In April 1917, tunnels hid and protected thousands of British and Canadian troops prior to attacks. We visit the remarkable Wellington Caves, 20 metres beneath Arras, while at Vimy Ridge we explore the old no man's land ravaged by underground explosions and visit the famous tunnels which led right up to the front line. Return to Lille for our Eurostar back to London St Pancras.

Recommended Reading List

Simon Jones

Simon Jones

Simon Jones MA, formerly curator at the Royal Engineers and King's Liverpool Regiment Museums, has guided at battlefields around the world since 1997. The author of books on tunnelling and gas warfare during the First World War, he has taught the First World War at Liverpool and Lancaster Universities and has Masters Degrees from Liverpool and Leicester Universities.

Your Holiday Essentials

4th - 7th June 2021
(4 Days)

Eurostar Standard Premier, 4 star hotels, buffet breakfast, 3-course dinner with drinks each evening, 2 picnic lunches, all entrance fees and expert guide throughout.

Activity Level: 2

Expert Historian: Simon Jones

Tour price: £1,445

Single supplement: £145
Deposit: £125
Price without flights: £1,345

Booking open

click here to book

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